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Mobile Internet Protocol & Transport Layer

Mobile Internet Protocol (MIP) and Transport Layer protocols are two important components of mobile networking that enable mobile devices to communicate over the internet.

Here is an overview of each:

Mobile Internet Protocol (MIP):

MIP is a protocol that enables mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, to maintain an IP address as they move from one network to another, such as from a Wi-Fi network to a cellular network. MIP allows mobile devices to communicate with other devices over the internet without interruption as they move between networks.

MIP consists of two main components: the Mobile Node (MN) and the Home Agent (HA). The MN is the mobile device that is moving between networks, while the HA is a server that stores the MN’s IP address and forwards packets to the MN’s current network.

Transport Layer protocols:

Transport Layer protocols, such as Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP), are responsible for managing the delivery of data between applications running on devices over the internet.

TCP is a connection-oriented protocol that guarantees reliable delivery of data by establishing a connection between the sender and receiver before transmitting data. TCP breaks up large packets of data into smaller segments and reassembles them on the receiving end.