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Write some features of Linux that are not available in Windows.

In Previous Years Questions

Features of Linux not available in Windows:

1. Open-source nature:

  • Free access to source code for modification and distribution.
  • Transparency in development and operation.
  • Community-driven support and development.

2. Customization:

  • Extensive user and system customization options.
  • Greater control over the operating system and its components.
  • Wide variety of desktop environments and distributions to choose from.

3. Package management:

  • Easy and centralized installation and removal of software through repositories.
  • Automatic dependencies management ensures smooth software installation.
  • Extensive selection of free and open-source software available.

4. Terminal access and command-line tools:

  • Powerful and scriptable command-line interface for advanced tasks.
  • Automation possibilities through scripting and shell commands.
  • Direct interaction with system components for troubleshooting and configuration.

5. Security:

  • Lower susceptibility to malware and viruses due to a smaller user base.
  • Robust security features and open-source development allows for community scrutiny and rapid response to vulnerabilities.
  • Regular updates and patches for kernel and software packages.

6. Multitasking and resource management:

  • Efficient resource utilization allows smooth operation on older hardware.
  • Lightweight and modular design minimizes resource consumption.
  • Virtualization and containerization technologies readily available.

7. Kernel development:

  • Open and transparent development process allows for wider community participation.
  • Faster bug fixing and integration of new features due to community contributions.
  • Specialized kernels available for specific needs (e.g., real-time, embedded systems).

8. Server-oriented features:

  • High stability and uptime for server environments.
  • Wide range of server software available (e.g., web servers, databases, mail servers).
  • Command-line management allows for automation and remote administration.

9. Integration with other operating systems:

  • Ability to run Windows applications through compatibility layers like Wine.
  • Easier integration with open-source software and tools.
  • Greater flexibility in multi-boot environments.

10. Rolling release distributions:

  • Continuous updates and new features without the need for major upgrades.
  • Always on the latest version with bug fixes and security improvements.
  • Ideal for users who value staying up-to-date with the latest software.