In this type of machine, the future state Sj of the machine is decided by the current state and current input symbol of the machine.
The output symbol at a given time depends only on the present state of the machine.
Moore machine is defined as a 6 tuple (Q, Σ, ∆, δ, λ, q0).
Q is a finite set of states.
Σ is the input alphabet.
∆ is the output alphabet.
δ is the transition function which maps Σ × Q to Q.
λ is the output function mapping Q to ∆.
q0 is the initial state.
Moore machine is as follows:
In Moore machine, each state has its fixed output i.e. in above diagram,
- When machine is in state q1, the output is 0.
- When machine is in state q2, the output is 0.
- When machine is in state q3, the output is 1.