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Difference between Firewall and Antivirus

PurposeMonitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic, based on defined rulesDetects, blocks, and removes or quarantines malicious software (viruses, malware)
Protection ScopeNetwork-level protectionFile-level and system-level protection
FunctionalityControls network access and traffic based on rules and policiesScans files, programs, and system processes for known malware signatures
Threat DetectionAnalyzes network packets and filters traffic based on predefined rulesScans files and processes for known malware signatures and behavioral patterns
Real-Time ProtectionProvides network-level protection in real timeProvides real-time scanning and protection against malware
Malware DetectionDoes not primarily focus on detecting specific malwareFocuses on detecting and identifying specific malware signatures
UpdatesMay require manual configuration and rule updatesRegularly updated with new virus definitions and detection algorithms
User InteractionLess user interaction required, primarily operates in the backgroundMay require user interaction for scans, quarantine decisions, etc.
TypesCan include network firewalls, host-based firewalls, or hardware firewallsCan include traditional antivirus software, internet security suites, etc.
ComplementaryOften used in conjunction with antivirus software for layered protectionOften used in conjunction with a firewall for comprehensive security