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Difference between HTTP and FTP

Full formHypertext Transfer ProtocolFile Transfer Protocol
PurposePrimarily designed for web page retrieval and communication between web browsers and serversSpecifically designed for file transfer between client and server
PortTypically uses port 80Typically uses port 21 for control and port 20 for data transfer
Data TransferTransfers hypertext and multimedia content such as web pages, images, videos, etc.Transfers files between client and server
SecurityNo inherent encryption or security featuresSupports FTPS (FTP over SSL/TLS) for secure file transfer
AuthenticationSupports basic authentication and other authentication mechanismsSupports username/password authentication for access control
Access ControlRelies on server-side permissions and access control configurationsSupports various access control mechanisms like read, write, and execute permissions
Connection TypeStateless, connectionless protocolConnection-oriented protocol with control and data connections
CommandsUses simple commands such as GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, etc.Uses specific commands like RETR (retrieve), STOR (store), LIST (directory listing), etc.
Directory NavigationLimited support for directory navigationProvides directory listing and navigation commands
Use CasesUsed for accessing websites and retrieving web contentUsed for uploading, downloading, and managing files on a remote server
SupportWidely supported by web browsers and serversWidely supported by FTP client and server software