|Hypertext Transfer Protocol
|File Transfer Protocol
|Primarily designed for web page retrieval and communication between web browsers and servers
|Specifically designed for file transfer between client and server
|Typically uses port 80
|Typically uses port 21 for control and port 20 for data transfer
|Transfers hypertext and multimedia content such as web pages, images, videos, etc.
|Transfers files between client and server
|No inherent encryption or security features
|Supports FTPS (FTP over SSL/TLS) for secure file transfer
|Supports basic authentication and other authentication mechanisms
|Supports username/password authentication for access control
|Relies on server-side permissions and access control configurations
|Supports various access control mechanisms like read, write, and execute permissions
|Stateless, connectionless protocol
|Connection-oriented protocol with control and data connections
|Uses simple commands such as GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, etc.
|Uses specific commands like RETR (retrieve), STOR (store), LIST (directory listing), etc.
|Limited support for directory navigation
|Provides directory listing and navigation commands
|Used for accessing websites and retrieving web content
|Used for uploading, downloading, and managing files on a remote server
|Widely supported by web browsers and servers
|Widely supported by FTP client and server software