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Types of connectivities in Computer Networks

Here are different types of connectivity options commonly used in networking:

1. Dial-up:

Dial-up connectivity uses a modem and a telephone line to establish a connection to the internet or a remote network. It is a relatively slow and outdated method that is primarily used in remote areas where broadband options are limited.

2. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL):

DSL uses existing copper telephone lines to provide high-speed internet access. It allows simultaneous voice and data transmission over the same line, providing faster speeds compared to dial-up.

3. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL):

ADSL is a variation of DSL that provides faster download speeds than upload speeds. It is commonly used in residential settings where users typically require higher download speeds for activities like browsing and streaming.

4. Leased Line:

A leased line is a dedicated connection between two locations, providing a private and secure connection. It offers symmetric speeds and is commonly used for businesses that require consistent and reliable connectivity.

5. Cable Internet:

Cable internet utilizes the same coaxial cable infrastructure used for cable television to provide high-speed internet access. It offers faster speeds compared to DSL and is popular in residential and small business settings.

6. Wi-Fi:

Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) provides wireless connectivity by utilizing radio waves to transmit data between devices and a wireless router. It is widely used in homes, offices, and public places to enable wireless network access.

7. WiMAX:

WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is a wireless broadband technology that offers long-range connectivity. It provides high-speed wireless internet access over a wider coverage area than Wi-Fi, making it suitable for rural and remote areas.

8. CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access):

CDMA is a digital cellular technology used in mobile networks. It allows multiple users to share the same frequency by using unique codes to separate their signals, enabling more efficient use of the available spectrum.

9. GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications):

GSM is a standard for cellular networks used by mobile devices for voice and data communication. It is widely used globally and provides features like call quality, text messaging, and data services.