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Explain different types of OS with examples of each ?

There are various types of operating systems (OS) that exist, each with its own characteristics and features.

Some of the common types of operating systems are as follows:

  1. Real-Time Operating System (RTOS)
  2. Network Operating System (NOS)
  3. Mobile Operating System
  4. Distributed Operating System
  5. Time-sharing Operating System
  6. Embedded Operating System
  7. Virtualization Operating System

1. Real-Time Operating System (RTOS):

A real-time operating system is designed for systems that require a rapid and predictable response time. It is commonly used in embedded systems, such as automotive systems, medical equipment, and industrial control systems. Examples of RTOS are VxWorks and QNX.

2. Network Operating System (NOS):

A network operating system is designed to manage and control network resources. It is commonly used in organizations that require a centralized management of resources, such as file servers, printers, and databases. Examples of NOS are Windows Server and Novell NetWare.

3. Mobile Operating System:

A mobile operating system is designed for smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices. It provides features such as touch screen support, mobile application management, and mobile device management. Examples of mobile operating systems are Android and iOS.

4. Distributed Operating System:

A distributed operating system is designed to manage and coordinate the activities of a distributed system. It provides a transparent view of the system to users and applications, as if it were a single entity. Examples of distributed operating systems are Amoeba and Inferno.

5. Time-sharing Operating System:

A time-sharing operating system is designed to provide multiple users with concurrent access to the computer system. It uses a scheduling algorithm to allocate CPU time to different processes. Examples of time-sharing operating systems are UNIX and Linux.

6. Embedded Operating System:

An embedded operating system is designed for small-scale systems with limited resources, such as microcontrollers, sensors, and small-scale devices. It provides features such as low power consumption, small size, and fast boot times. Examples of embedded operating systems are FreeRTOS and TinyOS.

7. Virtualization Operating System:

A virtualization operating system is designed to run multiple operating systems on a single physical machine. It provides features such as virtual machine management, resource allocation, and isolation. Examples of virtualization operating systems are VMware and Microsoft Hyper-V.